PAPER LICENSE PLATES: REASON FOR A POLICE STOP
In this article, Los Angeles DUI Defense Attorney discusses PAPER LICENSE PLATES: REASON FOR A POLICE STOP. Click on the links below to go directly to your topic of interest.
- POLICE STOP AFTER A VEHICLE CODE VIOLATION
- IS HAVING A PAPER LICENSE PLATE A VIOLATION OF THE LAW?
- HOW DO YOU AVOID BEING STOPPED IF YOU DRIVE WITH PAPER LICENSE PLATES?
- NEW LAW ABOUT CAR PAPER PLATES
- HOW LONG CAN YOU DRIVE WITH DEALER PLATES ACCORDING TO CURRENT CALIFORNIA LAW
- NEW PROCEDURE FOR GETTING PERMANENT LICENSE PLATES AFTER NEW LAW WILL TAKE EFFECT
- THE COST OF REGISTRATION TO GET A TEMPORARY LICENSE PLATE
If you are stopped because your car had paper license plates, Los Angeles DUI lawyer can help you fight your case.
Most defendants arrested for a DUI in Los Angeles get arrested in one of four ways.
(1) Through an officer observing a Vehicle Code violation and pulling over a driver to issue a citation or to give a warning;
(2) through a DUI checkpoint investigation;
(3) through a “welfare check” approach by a police officer on a side of the road;
(4) through an automobile collision investigation.
POLICE STOP AFTER A VEHICLE CODE VIOLATION
Here, Los Angeles DUI attorney explains “(1)”, to wit, a police officer observes a Vehicle Code violation. Having paper license plates is one of the ways a police officer can decide that you are in violation of California law. In the United States, unlike in many other countries, the law prohibits random contact by a police officer without a “reasonable suspicion” that some law was broken. For most Los Angeles drivers, that means that a police officer has to observe a California Vehicle Code violation, such as speeding, swerving, or having paper license plates. Missing the front or rear license plate is a violation of California Vehicle Code section 5200 and is a reason to pull over a car. Take note of the following four cases, two from California and two from Federal Courts.
IS HAVING A PAPER LICENSE PLATE A VIOLATION OF THE LAW?
1. In People v. Hernandez, 146 Cal.App.4th 773. (3rd Dist., 2006) defendant’s conviction was reversed after the Court of Appeal agreed with the defendant that the traffic stop was unlawful. Hernandez was arrested after a Sheriff’s Department pulled over Hernandez’s truck after observing no license plates but only a “temporary operating permit” attached to the rear window. The basis for the officer to stop a car was the officer’s opinion that temporary operating permits are “very often” forged. Traffic stops are treated as investigatory detentions for which the officer must point to specific and articulable facts justifying the suspicion that a crime (a violation) was committed. When an officer has an articulable and reasonable suspicion that an automobile is not registered, or that either the vehicle or an occupant is subject to seizure for violation of law, he may detain the driver to check his or her driver’s license and the vehicle’s registration (Pennsylvania v. Mimms (1977) 434 U.S. 106, 109). Here, the court determined that the stop was illegal because permitting an officer to pull over a vehicle with a temporary operating permit only because they are “very often” forged, would be tantamount to ruling that “it is always reasonable to suspect that a temporary operating permit was invalid”.
2. In In re Raymond C., 145 Cal. App. 4th 1320 (4/3th Dist., 2006) a juvenile court found true an allegation that a minor drove a vehicle under influence of alcohol in violation of California Vehicle Code sections 23152(a) and 23152(b). There, in contrast with Hernandez, a Fullerton police officer observed no rear license plate and no temporary operating permit attached to the rear window. The minor’s car had a temporary tag attached to the front of the vehicle. The officer did not see the front window temporary tag prior to pulling over the vehicle. Had the officer observed the valid temporary tag prior to conversing with the driver, the stop could be illegal (U.S v. McSwain (10th Cir. 1994) 29 F. 3d 558, 561). But, the officer conversed with the driver first and observed objective signs of intoxication permitting him to conduct further investigation. Also of note is a lack of dealer’s plates that the father of Raymond C removed – a clue to the officer that the car could be stolen.
3. In U.S. v. McSwain 29 F.3d 558 (10th Cir. 1994), McSwain had no license plates on his car, but a temporary registration tag attached to the car’s window. After confirming the registration was valid, a police officer conversed with the defendant and learned that his driver’s license was suspended. In reversing the denial of the motion to suppress the court stated “…Once Trooper … approached the vehicle on foot and observed that the temporary sticker was valid and had not expired, the purpose of the stop was satisfied. Trooper’s further detention of the vehicle to question Mr. McSwain about his vehicle and travel itinerary and to request his license and registration exceeded the scope of the stop’s underlying justification.”
4. Similarly, in U.S. v. Wilson. 205 F.3d 720 (4th Cir. 2000) the defendant was stopped for not having permanent license plates on a vehicle he had recently purchased though his vehicle was validly displaying temporary paper license plates on the car. Their expiration date and the car’s make and vehicle identification number were handwritten on the bottom of the tag. The officer, though he never saw anything illegal about the tag or the operation of the car, stopped Wilson because he was unable to read the expiration date on the tag. An illegal firearm was discovered and Wilson was arrested. In overturning the denial of the motion to suppress, the Court stated: “An objective assessment of the facts and circumstances of this stop compels the conclusion that the officer lacked any articulable, reasonable suspicion that a violation had occurred. Simply put, he saw nothing wrong, and he suspected nothing. Upholding a stop on these facts would permit the police to make a random, suspicionless stop of any car with a temporary tag. The Fourth Amendment does not afford the police such unbridled discretion”
HOW DO YOU AVOID BEING STOPPED IF YOU DRIVE WITH PAPER LICENSE PLATES?
Whether or not the stop is legal and you are arrested for drunk driving in Los Angeles will depend on what the police officer will write in his police report. Based on the four cases cited above a Los Angeles driver can protect himself against a police stop by complying with case law. Although permissible under the law to attach the temporary operating permit to the front window, a driver must attempt to attach it to the rear window to avoid being pulled over. Second, do not remove paper license plates or dealer plates because it shows that the car was just purchased. Thirdly, if you are stopped in Los Angeles for a traffic stop, try talking as little as possible with the police officer to limit police investigation. Police Officer’s purpose is to investigate crimes – be mindful of it and do not volunteer information that can lead to Los Angeles DUI arrest or investigation.
Although permissible under the law to attach the temporary operating permit to the front window, a driver must attempt to attach it to the rear window to avoid being pulled over. Second, do not remove paper license plates or dealer plates because it shows that the car was just purchased.
Second, do not remove paper license plates or dealer plates because it shows that the car was just purchased.
Thirdly, if you are stopped in Los Angeles for a traffic stop, try talking as little as possible with the police officer to limit police investigation. Police Officer’s purpose is to investigate crimes – be mindful of it and do not volunteer information that can lead to Los Angeles DUI arrest or investigation.
Police Officer’s purpose is to investigate crimes – be mindful of it and do not volunteer information that can lead to Los Angeles DUI arrest or investigation.
NEW LAW ABOUT CAR PAPER PLATES
Under the new law signed by the Governor (AB 516), effective January 1, 2019, California car dealers will have to put new license plates on vehicles before there are delivered to a purchaser. They will also have to report to the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) each transaction via an innovative dealer reporting electronic system.
The main reason for the new law was the problem law enforcement faced using current paper license plates. The current license plates are hard to track, however, these new temporary license plates allow police to easily verify vehicle information while the vehicles are driving on the roads.
If you buy a new or used car you will be required to pay fees to the dealer and leave the car dealership with a notice of sale attached to the corner of the windshield without any visible identification of the driver on it. The piece of paper attached to the windshield is commonly called a “paper plate”. It’s virtually impossible from a distance to read or scan the information from the “paper plate”. Thus, motorists can sometimes avoid paying tolls at the toll roads by running the booth and taking paid roads or express lanes for free. In addition, paper plates may not be detected by red light enforcement cameras or other cameras used for traffic and parking enforcement. It also makes it very difficult for the police to identify hit-and-run drivers or those drivers who are caught on camera but flee the scene of the crime because these types of paper plates are hard to read. The new design of the temporary plate is still under development, but what is definite is that it will show a unique number of sales and expiration dates, visible and clearly identified by the police and traffic cameras.
This new law will modernize the identification system of vehicles and will help the police to find drivers and to track their cars. The authorities hope this new law will help them to solve crimes, improve public safety and supply the State budget with more than $15 million in revenues per year.
HOW LONG CAN YOU DRIVE WITH DEALER PLATES ACCORDING TO CURRENT CALIFORNIA LAW?
Californian allows drivers to drive with the dealer plate (paper plate) for 90 days beginning from the sale date.
The law does not require the dealers to make sure that buyers receive the permanent license plates and registration within the 90-day period. Also, if a dealer fails to submit the purchaser’s information to the DMV in time, goes out of business, or enters the wrong information in the system, the driver will continue to drive on the dealer plates until he contacts the DMV himself. A motorist who is driving with paper plates can be pulled over and get a ticket, or worth yet, being investigated for a DUI or another crime. In our experience, any police contact is always potentially problematic and dangerous and is rarely pleasant.
NEW PROCEDURE FOR GETTING PERMANENT LICENSE PLATES
Under the law, after the purchase transaction is completed with the dealer, the dealer must register the vehicle, making it completely his responsibility. Here are the steps for this procedure:
1. Upon purchase, the car dealer must report the sale of a new or used vehicle to the DMV via a specially designed electronic reporting system. The system will assign a unique number of sales to each transaction which will be displayed (1) in the report-of-sale form and (2) on the temporary plate. This unique number will identify the car and it will be large enough to be seen from distance by police and traffic cameras. The electronic reporting system will also allow the police to check some vehicle characteristics and personal data about the dealer and the buyer.
In the event of the sale of a new car or another car that does not have any previous California license plates, the electronic reporting system will provide a temporary plate, which then must be attached to the vehicle.
2. The dealer must attach on a vehicle a copy of the sale form and/or temporary license plates before the car is allowed to leave the dealership. Only after this new license plate is attached, the buyer is allowed to drive the car off the dealer’s lot.
3. The dealer must submit all the necessary paperwork to the DMV for the registration of the vehicle within 30 days (for a used vehicle) or within 20 days (for a new vehicle) from the day of the transaction. This includes fees collected from the purchaser and the actual application with the date of the transaction, unique number of sales, buyer’s and dealer’s names, addresses, signatures, etc.
4. The buyer will receive the permanent license plates and the registration card from the DMV via mail or within the 90-day period.
If the dealer fails to register the vehicle, HE, and not the purchaser, will face penalties from the state.
THE COST OF REGISTRATION TO GET A TEMPORARY LICENSE
Upon the sale of the vehicle, the dealer will typically charge the buyer several fees including the fees to prepare and process the necessary paperwork to get the temporary license. With the passage of the new law, it will probably cost more to get the license plates and to process the sale of vehicles with the state.
If you or your loved one is arrested, please contact us right away too so we can help you fight your case. If the reason for the police stop is paper license plates, call our office, Los Angeles DUI attorney can fight your case through search and seizure motions. Los Angeles DUI lawyer can help you defend your DUI at DMV and in court. We specialize in DUI defense in Los Angeles. Lawyer DUI Los Angeles will provide you with quality representation at an affordable price.
(818) 921 7744 Call anytime to talk directly to Los Angeles DUI Attorney or Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney.
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Yes. If you have the required paperwork on your front windshield for a vehicle purchased within the last 90 days you should fight it. You risk a ticket, having to pay impound fees because your vehicle can be towed, and ultimately your registration so despite California’s ridiculous fees they are much cheaper to pay in the long run.
C.V.C. 14607.6 (b) A peace officer shall not stop a vehicle with or without plates for the sole reason of deterining wheather the driver is probably licensed.