California DMV Hearings and Appeals: Procedure and Process

January 7, 2016

DMV Hearing Appeal

In this article Los Angeles DUI Defense Lawyer discusses DMV Hearing Appeal.  Click on the links below to go directly to your topic of interest.

 

DMV HEARINGS

The DMV is in charge of driver’s licenses for all California Residents.  DMV issues driver’s licenses and keeps DMV driving record which include accidents, failure to appear in court, point counts based on convictions and accidents, endorsement issuance, and many other driving related records.  The DMV shares its driving record information with other agencies and states through a Compact.  Under certain conditions, the DMV might attempt to disallow driving.  When that happens, the driver can be entitled to a hearing.  Here are the types of hearings.

APS DMV HEARINGS

Most DUI arrests will require not only an appearance in the Superior Court, but also a DMV hearing in a Drivers Safety DMV office.  The process starts with a police officer issuing a temporary driver’s license to a driver he sites for a DUI or to a driver who drives in violation of other DUI related law, such zero tolerance law for persons on DUI probation, minors, or an underage driver’s DUI.

The temporary driver’s license is issued by the citing law enforcement officer on a standard multi-page DMV form, DS-367 which will give the driver an option to request a hearing.  We often recommend requesting a hearing for most Los Angeles DUI arrest because the suspension or revocation of the driver’s license can be automatic without the hearing request.  There are however instances where the hearing should not be requested because it gives an opportunity for the DMV to look at the record of the driver arrested for a DUI and schedule a much more severe driver’s license consequences.  If the hearing is not requested within 10 days of the arrest, the driver’s license will be suspended or revoked depending on the legal consequences of the citation and the prior record of the driver.  Drunk Driving Attorneys in our office specialize in defending drivers in court and at the APS DMV  level.  We can provide quality representation at often below the market rate prices simply because our overhead is negligible and we are happy to pass the savings to our clients.

The DMV action is considered administrative in nature and does not involve mandatory appearance.  We can handle the APS DMV hearing often by telephone in the event you are unable to afford an in person hearing at the Driver Safety office.  The DMV procedure permits testimony by telephone; so that we can even have an expert testify at your defense by telephone.  Expert testimony is often crucial because it will allow shifting burden to the DMV, who then must call their own expert to rebut respondent’s argument. It is not uncommon for the DMV to fail to call their own expert, which creates a strong case for a “set aside”, simply because our expert is able to testify that it can not be concluded by the preponderance of the evidence that you were over the legal limit at the time of driving.

Once the DMV receives copy of DS-367 form from the officer, they will generate a suspension/revocation of driving privilege letter and mail it to the last known address.  If the request for a hearing is received in time by the Driver Safety office, you can ignore the letter or call the DMV to confirm that the suspension will not take effect until the hearing.

HOW TO WIN A DMV HEARING

WIN A DMV HEARING

A very common way to undermine a DMV case is to attack admissibility of a breath result based on failure to comply with foundational requirement (People v. Adams 59 Cal App 3d 559). Eventhough Adams lost the appeal and his license was suspended or revoked after the court of appeals upheld the lower court decision, the court of appeals reiterated foundational requirements that

(1) the particular apparatus utilized was in proper working order,

(2) the test used was properly administered, and

(3) the operator was competent and qualified.

If there is no compliance with Adams foundational requirements (such as – the observational period is less then 15 minutes) or the operator is not qualified to operate this particular machine, the results of the breath test should not be admissible at the APS hearing or trial. Adams case permitted admissibility of the breath test results even though the machine was not properly calibrated. Specifically, the maintenance of that breath testing instrument was not done weekly or after 100 subjects. The court ruled that such strict compliance with calibration requirements is not fatal to the DMV prosecution because statutory compliance or noncompliance merely goes to the weight of the evidence (People v. Rawling 42 Cal App 3d 952).

For example, if Data Master was used and the officer is not certified to operate such machine, the results of the breath test are admissible but should be given less weight. Defendants are left with attempts to discredit the results of the test by showing that noncompliance affects validity.

Another example is a test by a certified officer on a machine that was not maintained properly.

Such results would also be admissible but the trial of fact would be permitted to give less weight to such evidence.

HOW CAN EXPERT TESTIMONY HELP DURING AN APS HEARING

According to Brenner v. DMV, once respondent presents expert testimony undermining the DMV finding, the burden switches back to the DMV and unless they present expert testimony or otherwise overcome the burden, they have to set aside the suspension. DUI lawyers in Los Angeles will help you set up your defense so that the DMV is required to set aside the suspension.

In Brenner v. DMV, CHP arrested Derek Brenner and he submitted to PAS test with results of .080, .053 and .085% BAC. After being arrested, Brenner submitted to a breath test with two identical results of .08%. CHP Officer that arrested Brenner tested the Breathalyzer before and between the two tests with an air blank that registered 0.00 percent.

Just like DUI attorneys, Brenner, offered testimony of an expert introducing calibration logs showing that the breathalyzer was improperly calibrated and read .002 higher, implying and opining that the .08% reading was actually .078%. The DMV put little weight in expert testimony because the truncated results of the reading (third digit is omitted), meant that chances are, the reading was higher than .08%. For example, a .089 reading with .002 calibration error would still only get it to .087%, which, truncated would read .08% reading. The court of appeals brushed off DMV argument, instead focusing on burden of producing evidence. Once the expert testified that the results are below .08%, the burden switched to the DMV who is now required to contradict that testimony with its own expert opinion.

DMV PROCEDURE AFTER DUI ARREST

Prior to the hearing, the DMV will mail copy of the police report and the DS 367 form to your attorney.  Many of the hearings can be won on evidentiary objections because the arresting officers do no fill out the form correctly.  The DMV will hold a hearing, called Admin Per Se hearing (APS) where it will try to establish if the driver had a blood alcohol level above the legal limit.  Our job is to convince the DMV that it is not possible to prove that you drove the vehicle and at the time of driving you were above the legal limit.  Please call our office for a free consultation.  We do hope we get the chance to defend you at your APS DMV hearing in Los Angeles.

NEGLIGENT OPERATOR DMV HEARING

In addition to APS and Refusal hearings, the DMV might hold a “negligent operator” hearing when you get too many points on your driving record.  A California, many traffic violations carry points.  Most non-moving violations, such as broken taillight and other equipment violations do not carry points.  In contrast, most moving violations carry at least one point.  An example of moving violation would be, speeding or going through a red light.  Commercial drivers suffer a point and a half for every non-commercial violation.  Also, more serious traffic violation can carry up to 2 points.  For example, driving on a suspended license or a drunk diving conviction carries two points.  When a driver gets more then 4 points in 1 year, 6 points in 2 years and 8 points in 3 years, he is subject to a driver’s license suspension based on the DMV determining that the driver is a “negligent operator”.  Such driver is entitled to a hearing during which he or she is entitled to be represented by an attorney.  We are highly effective Los Angeles traffic attorneys who can fight negligent operator hearings on your behalf with the DMV.  It is very possible to win these hearing but you have to request, or let us request the hearing timely on your behalf.  Los Angeles traffic attorneys can help you win negligent operator determination by arguing experience of the driver weight favorable against negligent operator determination.  The DMV hearing officers will consider such factors as the amount of driving – allowing drivers who drive more then the average person to maintain their license despite having more then 4 points in 1 year, 6 points in 2 years or 8 points in 3 years.

The negligent operator hearings are scheduled in one of DMV Driver Safety Offices closest to the home address of the driver accused of being “negligent operator”.  In Los Angles county the driver safety offices that handle such hearing are in Van Nuys, El Segundo, City of Commerce or Covina.

Los Angeles traffic attorneys are familiar with most hearing officers and will help navigate your negligent operator case to the most favorable venue, attempting to get the most sympathetic hearing officer.  If you or your loved one is faced with the prospect of losing his driver’s license because of the point counts, please call our office to schedule a free consultation.  We provide aggressive quality representation at affordable price.

DUI DMV Hearing

APS DUI DMV HEARING APPEAL

A DMV hearing appeal is necessary if you had a DMV hearing and the DMV suspended your driver’s license after the hearing based on finding that your blood alcohol level was higher then .08% alcohol by volume.  The DMV hearing appeal can be filed either administratively or directly with the Superior Court of your county.  The appeals are not mutually exclusive, and you can file both, however, statistically, there is a higher chance of winning at the Superior Court then administratively at the DMV.  The time for appeal is different for DMV appeal and for the Superior court petition so that the right to appeal directly with the DMV (titled “administrative review”) expires after 15 days.  In contrast, the right to appeal  in court expires after 30 days (plus additional 4 days for delayed service).  If administrative review is filed first, the time to file an appeal with the Superior Court is extended to 90 days from the day of the adverse administrative review decision and additional 4 days for delayed service.  Part of Los Angeles DUI attorney practice is to help his clients with DMV hearing appeals.  If you were arrested for a DUI in Los Angeles, call our office.  It is far better to have a successful DMV hearing then to appeal a bad decision from the DMV.

ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF DMV DECISION

On the first level of DMV hearing appeal, the administrative review can be a simple letter explaining why the hearing officer’s decision was wrong. The DMV appeal must explain in details the errors DMV hearing officer made.  The DMV hearing appeal at the administrative level should be filed with the local driver safety office, who will forwarded your entire DMV file to the DMV headquarters in Sacramento.  The DMV headquarters will review the hearing officer’s decision and issue its own decision affirming or setting aside the suspension/revocation.  Sometimes, the DMV headquarters will order another hearing where witnesses can be called and testify about the facts of the case.

APPEAL OF DMV RULLING TO THE SUPERIOR COURT

This DMV hearing appeal is filed in the court and is considered a “writ of an administrative decision”.  The writ has to be filed within 30 days of the hearing officer’s adverse decision or within 90 days of the administrative review decision.  The writ procedure commenced by filing a petition and paying a filing fee in the Superior Court (fee waivers are available for low income petitioners).  A writ needs to be accompanied by few local forms.  For example, in Los Angeles County a writ petition has to be accompanied by a civil cover sheet and an addendum.  The proper place to file the court writ petition can be determined based on local court rules.  In Los Angeles county all writs can be filed in “Central district” located on 111 N. Hill Street in Down Town Los Angeles.  Los Angeles DUI attorney can help you file and litigate writ in the Superior Court and the administrative review with the DMV.

Once the writ is filed, the Superior Court will schedule a court date where the DMV will hire a Deputy Attorney general to fight on its behalf.  At this initial court date, the court will select dates for trial and dates for filing papers.  There are three papers that needs to be filed in a writ case: the opening brief; an opposition, and the response to the opposition.  The opening brief is filed by you; the opposition is filed by DMV and then you have a chance to file a response to the opposition.  DUI lawyer Los Angeles will help you fight your writ case and knows how to argue with the judges to get your driver’s license back.  Prior to trial, you have to pay for an “administrative record” that is recorded copy of everything that was said during the hearing transcribed by the DMV reporter.  The administrative record has to be filed in a special format, requiring bate stamps and special wire binding.

TIME LIMIT TO FILE WITH THE SUPERIOR COURT

That review is called Writ of Mandate and must be made within 30 days of the DMV order of suspension or within 90 days if the driver requested an administrative review of the DMV order.

THE REASONS TO FILE A WRIT

California Code of Civil Procedure Section 1094.5 explains the procedure and reasons to file a writ. Specifically, CCP 1094.5(b) explains that the

The inquiry in such a case shall extend to the questions whether the respondent has proceeded without, or in excess of jurisdiction; whether there was a fair trial; and whether there was any prejudicial abuse of discretion.

It explains the abuse of discretion to mean

Abuse of discretion is established if the respondent has not proceeded in the manner required by law, the order or decision is not supported by the findings, or the findings are not supported by the evidence.

CCP 1094.5(e) permits admission of new evidence in some circumstances.

…Where the court finds that there is relevant evidence that, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, could not have been produced or that was improperly excluded at the hearing before respondent, it may enter judgment…

However, when the petition to review in the Superior Court is filed without requesting a review with the DMV, CCP 1094.5 can be superceeded by CVC 13559 which specifically forbids any new evidence, “...the court shall not consider other evidence“. Additionally, CVC 13559 lists different grounds for reversal of DMV ruling, namely, “exceeding constitutional or statutory authority, made erroneous interpretation of the law, acts in arbitrary and capricious manner, or determination which are not supported by evidence in the record.

So, it appears that an administrative review with the DMV not only buys additional time to file a writ of mandamus review but also provides additional and different ground for review. Most importantly, the review with the DMV of an APS decision permits limited introduction of new evidence.

PROCEDURE

The writ procedure is fairly complicated and you are well advised to hire an attorney. Los Angeles DUI Attorneys are experts in filing both administrative reviews with the DMV and in filing writ of mandamus petition with the Superior Court.

The procedure allows for an ex-parte application for a stay of a suspension to permit the driver driving while the hearing on the writ is pending. The review with the DMV does not allow for stay of the suspension, so the only way a suspension can be stayed is by filing a writ with the Superior Court.

The writ filing must include the entire record of the proceeding including transcript of the DMV hearing and all evidence that the court needs to consider.

Los Angeles DUI attorney has great experience litigating DMV hearing appeals after the DMV suspensions at all levels including DMV hearing appeal at the administrative level and in the Superior Court.  DUI lawyer Los Angeles can help you fight your DUI case and all DMV cases that are based on DUI arrests in Los Angeles.

Call our office any time of the day for a free consultation.

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